Haramaya Health Center/Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital

Local Partner: Haramaya Health Center/Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital

Program Director: Professor Augustin Sesay

Area Served: Eastern Ethiopia

Program Goal: To provide health care services to the people living in and near the village of Baite where there is high unemployment – 75 percent to 80 percent – and many of the poor work as peasant farmers to sustain themselves. Haramaya Health Center serves a community of 200,000 individuals. In the hospital, the greatest morbidity problems relate to upper respiratory, urinary tract, or pneumonia. Most mortality is related to pneumonia, intestinal problems, and septicemia which the hospital is striving to address. 

Program Service provided: Haramaya Health Center provides primary medical treatment both inpatient care and outpatient care, and has obstetrics services. 

Number of program Beneficiaries:

Current Need: While the clinic is small, it is organized to handle a large number of patients and emphasis is placed on prevention. However, there is a constant shortage of supplies and equipment and serious cases must be referred to other facilities. Needed items include ultrasound equipment, surgical operating room lights and a surgical table. At the hospital, the needs are described as enormous and urgent. The need at the hospital is primarily a lack of supplies and modern equipment, combined with a shortage of doctors.

Program Summary: The focus of the hospital is general medicine. The hospital’s strength is that it is a regional hospital for the eastern part of the country which became a teaching hospital in 2011. It also offers specialties that small clinics cannot offer.

Ethiopia – Country Information

EthiopiaCapital:
Addis Ababa

History:
In addition to being perhaps the region of the first human, Ethiopia was an independent monarchy for millennia, dating back to many centuries BC. It generally avoided being colonized, with the exception of the years 1936-41, when Italy invaded and occupied.

In modern times, however, the country has been beset with issues of poverty and drought, particularly in the 1970s and 80s. In 1974 Haile Selassie, the longtime emperor, was overthrown in a coup by a communist junta, ending the long reign of the royal family. The 1990s were marked by the coming of democracy in the early part of the decade and a war with Eritrea after it seceded from the rest of the country in 1993. Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has been in power since 1995 and has received accolades for the country’s economic growth under his stewardship. 

Climate:
Tropical, but with wide variation due to differences in topography

People:
Population – 88,013,491
Median Age – 16.8 years
Population Growth Rate – 3.202%
Life Expectancy – 55.8 years
Literacy – 42.7%
Average Number of Years of Schooling – 8 years (male), 7 years (female)
Urban population – 17% 

Languages/Ethnicities/Religions:
Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%, Tigrigna 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%

English is the major foreign language taught in schools but not spoken natively.

Oromo 32.1%, Amara 30.1%, Tigraway 6.2%, Somalie 5.9%, Guragie 4.3%, Sidama 3.5%, Welaita 2.4%, other 15.4%

Christian 60.8% (Orthodox 50.6%, Protestant 10.2%), Muslim 32.8%, traditional 4.6%, other 1.8%

Economy:
GDP Per Capita – $900 (2009 est.) 

GDP Composition by Sector:
Agriculture: 43.8%
Industry: 13.2%
Services: 43% (2009 est.) 

Labor Force by Occupation:
Agriculture: 85%
Industry: 5%
Services: 10%

Main Exports:
coffee, qat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds 

What it is known for:
•  Long history of independence/successful resistance to European imperialism
•  Coffee products
•  Many bible stories from Old and New Testament. 

BWA’s Focus Areas in Ethiopia:
•  Water
•  Vocational Training
•  Basic Education
•  Agro-Pastoral Development and Irrigation Systems

Ethiopia – Country Background

Capital:
Addis Ababa

History:
In addition to being perhaps the region of the first human, Ethiopia was an independent monarchy for millennia, dating back to many centuries BC. It generally avoided being colonized, with the exception of the years 1936-41, when Italy invaded and occupied.

In modern times, however, the country has been beset with issues of poverty and drought, particularly in the 1970s and 80s. In 1974 Haile Selassie, the longtime emperor, was overthrown in a coup by a communist junta, ending the long reign of the royal family. The 1990s were marked by the coming of democracy in the early part of the decade and a war with Eritrea after it seceded from the rest of the country in 1993. Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has been in power since 1995 and has received accolades for the country’s economic growth under his stewardship. 

Climate:
Tropical, but with wide variation due to differences in topography

People:
Population – 88,013,491
Median Age – 16.8 years
Population Growth Rate – 3.202%
Life Expectancy – 55.8 years
Literacy – 42.7%
Average Number of Years of Schooling – 8 years (male), 7 years (female)
Urban population – 17% 

Languages/Ethnicities/Religions:
Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%, Tigrigna 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%
English is the major foreign language taught in schools but not spoken natively.

Oromo 32.1%, Amara 30.1%, Tigraway 6.2%, Somalie 5.9%, Guragie 4.3%, Sidama 3.5%, Welaita 2.4%, other 15.4%

Christian 60.8% (Orthodox 50.6%, Protestant 10.2%), Muslim 32.8%, traditional 4.6%, other 1.8%

Economy:
GDP Per Capita – $900 (2009 est.) 

GDP Composition by Sector:
Agriculture: 43.8%
Industry: 13.2%
Services: 43% (2009 est.) 

Labor Force by Occupation:
Agriculture: 85%
Industry: 5%
Services: 10%

Main Exports:
coffee, qat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds 

What it is known for:
•  Long history of independence/successful resistance to European imperialism
•  Coffee products
•  Many bible stories from Old and New Testament. 

BWA’s Focus Areas in Ethiopia:
•  Water
•  Vocational Training
•  Basic Education
•  Agro-Pastoral Development and Irrigation Systems

Quote by Yimer Mohammed, Executive Director of YETEEM

"As the life of the pastoralists is associated with drought, desertification, famine and hunger, it is the hope and vision of YETEEM to change the situation for better, keeping in mind and focusing on the people and their interaction with their environment."

Yimer Mohammed, Executive Director of YETEEM